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General Piano Pedagogy

This section provides information on general piano pedagogy resources, tools, and strategies for teaching. Our goal is to provide up-to-date research in this area. Please provide any recent research that would be useful to add to this list by filling out the contact portion.


Arrau, Connie. “Piano Techniques for Adults.” Music Educators Journal 69, no. 6 (1983): 31-32. www.jstor.org/stable/3396165.

The author explores and explains the different types of adult piano learner, describing techniques and step-by-step lesson plans for teaching the adult learner. Arrau gives good insight on how to make a lesson fun and pleasurable for the adult.


Baker-Jordan, Martha. Practical Piano Pedagogy: The Definitive Text for Piano Teachers and Pedagogy Students. Miami: Warner Bros. Publications, 2004.

Baker-Jordan explores in her book the preparation, ideas, and strategies for piano teaching. The chapters include topics over teaching elementary and intermediate students, group teaching, technical exercises, and more. One highlight is that each chapter contains worksheets pertaining to the subject being discussed.


Bastien, James W. How to Teach Piano Successfully. San Diego: General Words and Music Company, 1995.

Part one discusses an overview of teaching and the intricate details such as business procedures, scheduling lessons, finding students, studio information, and more. Other chapters include method reviews and pedagogical techniques. The author concludes with interviews of professional and well-known piano pedagogues.


Duke, Robert A. Intelligent Music Teaching: Essays on the Core Principles of Effective Instruction. Austin: Learning and Behavior Resources, 2014.

Duke explores different pedagogical aspects of teaching including assessment, what to teach, instruction, feedback, and affecting change. He covers a wide variety of instruments and practices all including examples and illustrations. [TCU Piano Pedagogy Library]


Haroutounian, Joanne. Fourth Finger on B-flat: Effective Strategies for Teaching Piano. San Diego: Kjos Music Press, 2012.

The author explores and explains different strategies for teaching piano. Her chapters include topics covering organization, practice, musical problem solving, stylistic development, and more. The pages are filled with musical examples, illustrations, and step by step instructions on different approaches to teaching piano.


Jacobson, Jeanine M. Professional Piano Teaching: A Comprehensive Piano Pedagogy Textbook for Teaching Elementary-Level Students. Van Nuys: Alfred Publishing Co., 2006.

The first two chapters discuss the art of professional piano teaching and different learning theories. The author later discusses beginning methods and strategies for teaching beginners and elementary students. The topics covered are rhythm and reading, technique, performance, repertoire, and musicality.


Jiang, Yuan. “Perceptions of Student Teaching in a Piano Pedagogy Practicum: Impressions of Student Teachers and their Students' Perspectives.” MTNA e - Journal 11, no. 1 (September 2019): 13-24.

Jian describes in this article the result from research of piano teachers in their studios. The study covered what was taught in lessons and how they were accomplishing those goals. The conclusion provides strategies and preparation on how to successfully teach piano from a student and teacher prospective.


Johnson, Rebecca Grooms. “What's New In Pedagogy Research.” American Music Teacher 65, no. 2 (2015): 28-29. www.jstor.org/stable/26407344.

The data research in this article reveal the motivation and work ethic for students in piano pedagogy. Johnson provides information on the different styles of teaching from American and Asian societal standards. She concludes the article with questions pertaining to educator’s motivation and how they can change that for their students.


Klingenstein, Beth Gigante. The Independent Piano Teacher’s Studio Handbook: Everything You Need to Know for a Successful Teaching Studio. Victoria: Hal Leonard Corporation, 2009.

Klingenstein explains the different aspects of running a piano studio. Her chapters include information on finances, establishing lessons, ethical issues, and maintaining studio standards. She also discusses teaching skills, curriculum and performance practice.


Mather, Ernest. “Methods in Piano Teaching.” American Music Teacher 20, no. 2 (1970): 29-47. www.jstor.org/stable/43537502.

Mather explains the importance of pedagogical methods and knowing the different kinds of approaches. He discusses the importance of technique, musicality, performance, and more. Topics covered also include some composer history and performance practice.


Nelson, Patty K. “Piano Curriculum: What Order do Teachers Introduce Concepts, what Method Books Teachers are using and how do the Method Books Align with Jerome Bruner's Enactive, Iconic and Symbolic Learning Theory.” MTNA e - Journal 6, no. 4 (April 2015): 13-31.

Nelson discusses different topics of piano pedagogy and what are some current trends involving that subject. She covers learning theories, methods, music reading, and theory concepts. The conclusion of this study reveals that the music teaching is primarily done by the book leading instead of the teacher leading the learning process.


Pearce, Elvina. The Success Factor in Piano Teaching: Making Practice Perfect. Kingston: The Francis Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy Inc., 2014.

The first few chapters explore personal reasons for teaching and pursuing piano pedagogy. Topics covered later in the book include technique, performance, and teaching how to practice. Each chapter includes musical examples and step by step instructions on how to teach and play them.


Schultz, Arnold. “The Physiological Mechanics of Piano Teaching.” The American Music Teacher 46, no. 1 (August 1996): 32.

Schultz discusses in his article mechanics and intricacies of playing the piano and teaching. He writes about movement and muscle patterns to achieve certain tasks from the music such as legato, staccato, phrasing, and technique.


Uszler, Marienne, Stewart Gordon, and Scott McBride Smith. The Well-Tempered Keyboard Teacher. Boston: Schirmer Cengage Learning, 2000.

The authors include chapters over each type of piano student: beginning, intermediate and advanced. Each chapter contains illustrations, music examples, and self-reflecting questions. This book also includes reference books for each pedagogical strategy and approach.


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